How You Are Feeling

  • Call us for help if you feel sad, blue, or overwhelmed for more than a few days.
  • Try to sleep or rest when your baby sleeps.
  • Take help from family and friends.
  • Give your other children small, safe ways to help you with the baby.
  • Spend special time alone with each child.
  • Keep up family routines.
  • If you are offered advice that you do not want or do not agree with, smile, say thanks, and change the subject.

Feeding Your Baby

  • Feed only breast milk or iron-fortified formula, no water, in the first 6 months.
  • Feed when your baby is hungry.
    • Puts hand to mouth
    • Sucks or roots
    • Fussing
  • End feeding when you see your baby is full.
    • Turns away
    • Closes mouth
    • Relaxes hands

If Breastfeeding

  • Breastfeed 8–12 times per day.
  • Make sure your baby has 6–8 wet diapers a day.
  • Avoid foods you are allergic to.
  • Wait until your baby is 4–6 weeks old before using a pacifier.
  • A breastfeeding specialist can give you information and support on how to position your baby to make you more comfortable.
  • WIC has nursing supplies for mothers who breastfeed.

If Formula Feeding

  • Offer your baby 2 oz every 2–3 hours, more if still hungry.
  • Hold your baby so you can look at each other while feeding
  • Do not prop the bottle.
  • Give your baby a pacifier when sleeping.

Baby Care

  • Use a rectal thermometer, not an ear thermometer.
  • Check for fever, which is a rectal temperature of 100.4°F/38.0°C or higher.
  • In babies 3 months and younger, fevers are serious. Call us if your baby has a temperature of 100.4°F/38.0°C or higher.
  • Take a first aid and infant CPR class.
  • Have a list of phone numbers for emergencies.
  • Have everyone who touches the baby wash their hands first.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Avoid crowds.
  • Keep your baby out of the sun; use sunscreen only if there is no shade.
  • Know that babies get many rashes from 4–8 weeks of age. Call us if you are worried.

Getting Used to Your Baby

  • Comfort your baby.
    • Gently touch baby’s head.
    • Rocking baby.
  • Start routines for bathing, feeding, sleeping, and playing daily.
  • Help wake your baby for feedings by
    • Patting
    • Changing diaper
    • Undressing
  • Put your baby to sleep on his or her back.
    • In a crib, in your room, not in your bed.
    • In a crib that meets current safety standards, with no drop-side rail and slats no more than 23/8 inches apart. Find more information on the Consumer Product Safety Commission Web site at
    • If your crib has a drop-side rail, keep it up and locked at all times. Contact the crib company to see if there is a device to keep the drop-side rail from falling down.
    • Keep soft objects and loose bedding such as comforters, pillows, bumper pads, and toys out of the crib.


  • The car safety seat should be rear-facing in the back seat in all vehicles.
  • Your baby should never be in a seat with a passenger air bag.
  • Keep your car and home smoke free.
  • Keep your baby safe from hot water and hot drinks.
  • Do not drink hot liquids while holding your baby.
  • Make sure your water heater is set at lower than 120°F.
  • Test your baby’s bathwater with your wrist.
  • Always wear a seat belt and never drink and drive.

What to Expect at Your Baby’s 1 Month Visit

We will talk about

  • Any concerns you have about your baby
  • Feeding your baby and watching him or her grow
  • How your baby is doing with your whole family
  • Your health and recovery
  • Your plans to go back to school or work
  • Caring for and protecting your baby
  • Safety at home and in the car
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